How to create the perfect flower garden in the country
Flowers are loved when they are admired, therefore it is better to choose a place where you often visit and have the opportunity to constantly see plants: in front of the house, at the kitchen window or in the far corner of the garden where you relax. But, if you sit in the recreation area it doesn’t happen so often, maybe you shouldn’t break up a large-scale flower garden there - who will admire the fruits of your labors?
- The flowerbed in the front area should always be in perfect condition - after all, this is the face of the owner, so it is better not to use elements that require regular care. In a prominent place, you should not arrange a flower garden adjacent to a reservoir, labor-intensive rockery or rock garden. How to choose roses for the garden.
- The place under the windows of the house should be planned so that during rain the water flowing from the roof does not erode the soil and does not accumulate in the soil of the flowerbed. Take care that snow landslides in winter cannot damage the plantings of ornamental plants.
- At the fence or wall of the house, the flower beds look spectacular, and breaking them is pretty easy. But do not forget to orient the planting of flowers relative to the sun so that the view of the flowerbed opens from the south side. Otherwise, the flowers will be turned away from you most of the day.
- Keep to scale. Plant small-flowered plants (clove-grass, forget-me-not, lobelia, etc.) plant along the edge of the flower garden. Large-flowered (peonies, dahlias, lilies, lavender, as well as light and simple flowers) - further from the edge.
- The winding flower beds along the paths and the changing width of the flower bed visually increase the total volume of the flower bed and your site.
- Round flower beds require a special approach and competent planning - a comprehensive review. For such a flower bed, it is better to choose plants that do not closely monitor the sun (dahlias, lilies, chalcedony lichen, irises, zinnias). Tall plants are planted in the center, the next tier is made of medium-tall, and low-growing plants are planted along the edge. How to arrange a flower bed from scratch.
Mobile flower garden
If construction of the house is not yet completed on the territory of the site or it is planned to remodel the house, it is better to postpone the thorough arrangement of the flower garden and limit yourself to planting flowers in containers. Containers can always be moved from one place to another, and at the same time, even during construction, the site will look bright and elegant. Container gardening is also suitable for those who have not finally decided on a place to arrange a flower bed or have not prepared the land in advance. The most suitable for container gardening will be annual, long-flowering plants (petunia, surfinia, pelargonium). As containers, containers with a drainage hole (not less than 30 cm high, 20–30 cm wide) are suitable. It is good if their appearance will be in harmony with the appearance of the house.
Ways to create a flower garden
Flower bed in the first year
You can create a flower garden in one season with annual flowers bought or grown through seedlings on their own, as well as sown directly into the ground. Annuals are very grateful, many of them bloom brightly throughout the season until the first frost. Most annuals are unpretentious and easy to care for. The charm of such a flower garden lies in the fact that the summer people planted with seedlings with buds or already blooming in early May will delight with lush flowering until the cold weather. The disadvantage of this flower garden is its annual bloom extravaganza. To repeat such a flower garden in the new season, annuals again have to grow or buy.
Best annuals: petunia, marigolds, cineraria, viola, salvia, verbena, godetia, eschscholzia, Iberis, cornflower.
Flower bed for several years
The flower garden will grow and grow every year for several years. But you need to understand that perennials, even those grown and bought in a nursery in a pot (with a closed root system that can be planted throughout the season), may not bloom in the first year or will bloom quite modestly. In all its glory, a flower bed of perennials will show itself only in the second or third year. When laying a flower garden from perennials, it is important to know that the plants bloom for a short time, most often up to 2 weeks. For flowering to be continuous, a layout is needed.
An example of continuous flowering: crocuses, tulips, irises, lichen, peonies, daylily, phlox, lilies, gaydalia, chrysanthemum, aster, stonecrop.
Buy a few dahlia tubers, 5-10 bulbs of gladioli and lilies. Having planted them in your young flowerbed in May, in summer you will fully enjoy the beautiful flowering of these plants. Do not forget that dahlias and gladioluses need to be dug up for the winter. Lilies without transplantation can grow for several years. When choosing lily bulbs, consider the larger the bulb, the larger the flower will be in the first year of flowering.
Do not forget about the existence of beautifully flowering decorative and deciduous shrubs. They keep the shape of the flower garden throughout the season. In summer, they delight with bright foliage of various shapes and beautiful flowering, and in autumn and winter with fruits or an unusual color of the bark. Low conifers, which are able to keep the flower garden beautiful even in winter, look appropriate and organic in the flower beds.
Examples of shrubs: mountain ash, snowberry, hawthorn, barberry, Chinese, cotoneaster, guelder-rose ordinary, dogrose, aronia, winged euonymus, standard-shaped trees.
We come up with a topic
If you formulate the basic idea of a flower garden in advance, it will be easier to select the flowers that are suitable for your conditions. You can start from the name or preferences in style. For example: a country-style flower garden, where there will be flowers suitable for the topic, a wicker fence and a pair of wings, or flowers with only white flowers and silver foliage, you may want to make a “chamomile” paradise (with a nyvyanik, gaillardia, Echinacea, perennial aster), and plant a decorative garden near the kitchen or create a mini-garden of herbs and herbs. It’s worth starting with a solo plant. For a shady flower garden, a volzhanka or purple-leafed hazel is suitable, for a moisture-loving one, a buzulnik or willow on a stem, for a flower garden in the front zone, a climbing or stump rose.
Three important tricks
When planning a flower garden, use contrasting techniques:
Choose plants with different leaf shapes: dense - openwork (hosta and "ferns"), round - xiphoid (hosta and irises, cereals), shiny - pubescent (incense and wooly stachis).
The alternation of inflorescences
It looks very impressive alternation of forms of inflorescences - vertical (bells) and horizontal (chamomile).
It is easiest to play on the contrast of color (blue aconite - yellow yarrow), but plants with similar leaves or a similar shape of flowers, inflorescences also look very interesting and harmonious. The most successful, perhaps, spring onion and primrose are high balls and low balls.
We plan a flower garden
It seems that everything is thought out: you decided on the theme and shape of the flower garden, found a suitable place and picked up the plants. Now, take your time and do not proceed with the implementation of the conceived composition until you transfer all your thoughts and thoughts to paper! Only then you will not lose the conceived idea, colors, textures and features of the selected plants.
A bit of math
How to calculate the required number of plants for a flower garden:
For 1 square. m planted:
- 1-3 large tall plants (for example, volzhanka, buzulnik - 1 each, delphinium, mallow - 3 things);
- 5-7 medium compact;
- 7-11 undersized;
- 31−35 ground cover.
The number of planted plants is odd all the time. It is more convenient to plant such an amount, arranging the flowers asymmetrically.
Objectively evaluate your strength and the amount of time that you are willing to spend on caring for a flower garden. If you spend all summer on earth, you can grow something exotic to attract the attention of neighbors and surprise guests. But, if you go out of town infrequently and with only one dream - to lie in a hammock in the shade of the garden, give preference to the most unpretentious colors, so that with a minimum of costs, effort and time, the site still looks well-groomed.
Unpretentious perennials: astilba, stonecrop, peonies, daylily, hosta, incense, winter-hardy conifers and shrubs with decorative foliage.